Synchronous vs Asynchronous Communication [Definite Guide]

Synchronous vs Asynchronous Communication

is there can be any debate on synchronous vs asynchronous communication? Well, in below article, you will get the ultimate comparison between both of them. In this modern era, communication plays a significant role in the workplace. Especially when you need to work remotely, one of the major challenges is communication.

Sometimes people get confused about whether they should text them for communication or call them. So, if you know the basics of synchronous vs asynchronous communication, it will be easier for you to overcome this challenge.

Communication is much more dependent on the situation and circumstances. For example, synchronous communication is two-way communication, and it is always better for emergency cases. On the other hand, asynchronous communication is way more formal. And most organizations prefer asynchronous communication over synchronous.

In this writing, we will try to explore everything about synchronous and asynchronous communication. So keep reading to learn more.

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Synchronous vs Asynchronous Communication

If you want to improve teamwork and collaboration, communication is the biggest weapon. Both types of communication have their own role. In some situations, synchronous communication is preferable because it is fast and convenient. On the other hand, asynchronous communication is also preferable for certain circumstances.

Have you ever wondered about when to choose asynchronous communication and when to choose synchronous communication? Then you are in the right place. However, you also need to know the pros and cons of these types of communication and some examples. Those will help you to understand that communication system. So below are given a very brief description in this regard.

Synchronous Communication

If you want to make a fair comparison, it is essential to discuss both of them individually. And for that matter, we have decided to explain everything about them separately in different sections. So let’s start with synchronous communication first.

What is Synchronous Communication?

Generally, we can see synchronous communication in real-time conversation. Even when it’s a two-way conversation where no less than two individuals are interchanging any information, it is called synchronous communication. In this type of communication, both parties can express their word simultaneously.

This type of communication can be in real life, even in virtual life. Say, for example, chatting, video conferencing, voice call, etc. However, when we talk to someone over the mobile phone, it is also considered synchronous communication. This type of communication is less formal and appropriate for urgent and emergency cases.

Examples of Synchronous Communication

Some common and very popular example for synchronous communication can include the following:

  • In-person meeting
  • Phone call
  • Video call or conference (i.e., via google meet, Skype, Zoom, etc.)
  • Audio conference
  • Instant massaging or texting
  • Live conversations and many more.

Pros of Synchronous Communication

There are so many good sides and advantages of synchronous communication. The first and foremost is that synchronous communication always a two-way interaction. As a result, the information that we get through this communication is very detailed and clear. In other words, we can get in-depth massage through synchronous communication.

For example, think about a live discussion. You can get so much detailed information in that discussion that is not possible in one-way communication. However, it is possible when we interact through our social media. It is also called real-time online communication. When we need to discuss something, we may use this real-time online communication. Likewise, working at a remote distance makes the interaction much easier than before.

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Cons of Synchronous Communication

Despite having so many benefits and advantages, synchronous communication also has some drawbacks too. And it is quite normal to have some unfavorable characteristics. For example, one of the disadvantages of synchronous communication is that it can easily disrupt the focus while discussing.

Most people find this type of communication preferable for them. However, when it is a live discussion, it is pretty common to lose focus on a point. Sometimes, when it is a matter of emergency, this issue can lead to some serious consequences.

Another drawback is the different time zone. Suppose you need to communicate with someone from a different time zone. You may need to match the time zone to make a conversation. Therefore, the different time zone is a big challenge for the real-time online synchronous communication.

Best Practices for Synchronous Communication

Nowadays, technology becomes so much updated and advanced. As a result, it generates a lot of opportunities for online work and practice. Even from office work to classroom experiences, everything is possible through real-time online communication.

One of the best practices for synchronous communication is enhancing the educational experience. Teachers and students can easily interact with each other and can make a personal connection. Also, it gives so much motivation in the workplace.

People can have more connection with this communication because both parties have the opportunity to give instant feedback. As a result, they do not have to worry about any complexity in making a decision. For a big corporation, synchronous communication helps to understand the content and helps in the co-operative task.

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Best Tools for Synchronous Communication

There are various types of tools that help to conduct synchronous communication. Among them, the best tools are in the following:

The Telephone or Online Call

It is one of the most common and widely popular tools for synchronous communication. Nowadays, almost every person uses this medium for synchronous communication. Moreover, because it is effortless and easy to use, you can easily conduct point-to-point communication with the telephone or any online call.


Chatting is also a very popular tool for this type of communication. People can make a conversation simultaneously by chatting. People who are not available for the phone call all the time can simply use any chatting medium. Likewise, the voice chat will give you the luxury of speaking while chatting. That is also considered a tool of synchronous communication.

Video Conferencing

From the virtual classroom to the remote workshop, everything is now possible by video conferencing. Because it allows the users to have an image in a video interface, the fun fact is, multiple users can see and talk at the time of a video conferencing. Video chatting is more practical for solving any problem. So we can say that it is also a very good tool for synchronous communication.

Final Verdict for Synchronous Communication

If you are looking for more practical discussion, then synchronous communication is a very good option for you. Not only that. If you want to talk to your friends or family from different places, you can go for this type of communication. To manage a remote team, you can also go for synchronous communication.

Because this will help you create an open discussion among your team members, all the members can talk and participate simultaneously. Of course, nothing can be as useful as synchronous communication for emergency purposes or in urgent cases. However, it has some drawbacks too. But comparing to the advantages, the drawbacks are really insignificant.

Asynchronous Communication

So far, we’ve discussed synchronous communication with all differentiable factors. And it’s time to discuss asynchronous communication. So, without wasting a moment, let’s start with defining this particular type of communication system.

What is Asynchronous Communication?

Asynchronous communication is a type o communication where both parties exchange the data without any immediate response. There is always a leg behind receiving and responding to the messages. Asynchronous communication is more formal communication. Especially in the workplace and office, we may use this type of communication.

Unlike synchronous communication, this type of communication is more like one-way communication where one party sends a message. However, the other party needs to read it, and it requires some time to respond. A very common and popular example of asynchronous communication is email.

Examples of Asynchronous Communication

Some common example of asynchronous communication can include the following:

  • Email
  • Handwritten Letters
  • Project dissertation
  • One-way text message
  • Direct messaging
  • Video recordings
  • Asynchronous conference
  • Notes and many more.

Pros of Asynchronous Communication

Asynchronous communication also has plenty of advantages and good sides. For example, it gives so much flexibility in a conversation. As a result, you get more time to solve a problem with less pressure. Also, you can focus on the quality of your response. You really do not have to be focused all the time. When you work under less pressure and less stress, the end game will be more productive eventually.

Another good side of this type of communication is this- it is very time-zone friendly communication. That is the main reason why people would like to use this type of communication. When you need to communicate with someone from overseas or in a different time zone, then asynchronous communication can be a very good option for you.

Cons of Asynchronous Communication

We have known that asynchronous communication is now real-time communication. There is a leg between both party’s conversation. So, as a result, the interaction is not like synchronous communication. Since it is less interactive communication, it requires extra time to discuss a problem or issue.

Also, the communication is less slow than synchronous communication. There is also some disconnection in communication. When you send a message through the mail or letter, you need to be very specific and detailed about your words. Because once you have sent the message, it requires time and patience to get a reply.

Best Practices for Synchronous Communication

This type of communication is best when you do not need any urgency or emergency. For example, if you need to chat with someone from overseas, it can be a very good option for you. Also, when you need to share any file with a different group of people in teamwork, you can be easily very precise and clear about massage through synchronous communication.

Especially in office work, when you have to be transparent and detail about your information. So this type of communication is best for those situations. And it is also very important to organize your sharing of information in asynchronous communication.

Best Tools for Asynchronous Communication

Some common and popular tools for asynchronous communication are in the following:

  • Slack
  • Microsoft Teams
  • Google Drive
  • Tools for Project Management
  • Recorded video through Loom, CloudApp, and Vidyard
  • Voice recordings

Final Verdict for Asynchronous Communication

Just like synchronous communication, asynchronous communication also has some benefits and drawbacks too. But you may wonder when you should go for asynchronous communication. So, it is completely dependent on your situation. For example, if you are in teamwork or office work, this types of communication are a good option for you.

Also, when you don’t have any urgency in sharing data or information, asynchronous communication is really helpful in that case. Because in this communication, you can easily send the information in a clearer and detailed way. But if you need to focus on personal connection with an individual, then this type of communication may not be suitable for you.

Why Asynchronous Communication is the Future?

In our modern time, we can see that both types of communication are very common to us. From the educational purpose to the office work, communication is an inevitable part of our life. And day by day people is getting busier and busier with their works. Sometimes it is not possible for everyone to reply instantly or one by one in communication.

On the contrary asynchronous communication does not require any urgent or one-by-one reply. As a result, people can work with less pressure or less stress. As a result, one can easily focus on his work without being distracted. That is why asynchronous communication is the future of our modern time.

FAQ: Synchronous vs Asynchronous Communication

What is the difference between synchronous and asynchronous communications?

There are so many differences between synchronous and asynchronous communication. The topmost difference is that synchronous communication is a two-way commination, where the information sender and receiver can participate in the discussion simultaneously.

On the other hand, asynchronous communication is one-way communication. There is a leg and delay between the sender and the receiver. This way of communication is more formal and suitable for the office and corporate world.

What is an example of asynchronous communication?

Some examples of asynchronous communication are email, letters, project papers, one-way text messages, asynchronous conferences, Notes, and many more.

Which is faster, synchronous, or asynchronous?

Synchronous communication is faster compared to asynchronous communication. Because in synchronous communication, both sides can join the discussion. As a result, the message is instant and faster than other types of communication.

What are the benefits of synchronous and asynchronous communication?

There are so many benefits and good sides to synchronous and asynchronous communication. First and foremost is synchronous communication, which is two-way communication. So if you need any urgent information or instant feedback, you can go for synchronous communication.

On the other hand, asynchronous communication is a more formal way of communication. If you don’t have any urgency yet, you can share the information more precisely and clearly. In such cases, you can go for asynchronous communication.

What are the disadvantages of synchronous communication?

Despite having so many benefits and advantages, synchronous communication also has some disadvantages too. One of them is the challenge with the time zone. When someone needs to communicate with someone from a different time zone, synchronous communication is not a good option since real-time communication.

What are some potential problems with asynchronous communication?

Some potential problems with this type of communication are, there are so many lacks of connection. And the discussion becomes less interactive, wherein two-way communication, we can easily share and discuss a problem. It also takes some time for the response. So it is time-consuming communication.

In the conclusion

Both types of communication are equally useful and popular in our modern time. Different cases and situations will tell you which type of communication you should go for. For example, suppose you want an urgent response and more interactive discussion. In that case, choose synchronous communication. Otherwise, you can go for asynchronous communication.

Synchronous or asynchronous communication both has some advantages and disadvantages too. But comparing to the advantages, the disadvantages are really insignificant. So hopefully, this writing helped you to understand everything about synchronous vs asynchronous communication.